Determination of fighting styles of qualified veteran boxers based on cluster analysis of biomechanical and psychophysiological indicators

Keywords: technique, boxing, cluster, neurodynamics, speed, joint angle, physiology, psychology

Abstract

Purpose: to reveal the styles of fighting veteran boxers on the basis of a multivariate analysis of psychophysiological and biomechanical indicators.

Material and methods. The study involved 42 qualified veteran boxers (age 45-50 years). As research methods, we used a biomechanical analysis of the indicators of the speed of movement of various points and the values ​​of the angles in the joints when performing a direct blow by boxers. The psychophysiological method was used to determine the time of a simple and complex reaction under standard conditions and in various testing modes. We used the method of cluster analysis to distribute athletes into groups using the SPSS - 17.0 program. Within the groups, the athletes are as similar as possible to each other in terms of the analyzed indicators, and between the groups they differ as much as possible. The analysis of the groups of athletes obtained with the help of cluster analysis made it possible to identify athletes with the following styles of fighting: tempo, game, power.

Results. Cluster analysis of psychophysiological and biomehanical testing showed the presence of 3 groups of athletes. The clusters were named as follows: Cluster 1 - "Speed and coordination endurance", corresponds to the boxers of the pace of the fight; Cluster 2 - "Speed", corresponds to the boxers of the game style of fighting; Cluster 3 - "Strength and speed", corresponds to the boxers of the pace of the fight. Biomechanical features of boxers of different styles of fighting are reflected in the trajectories of the points of the fist, elbow, knee.

Conclusions. The results of this study should be used when planning the individual training of athletes in boxing and to determine the optimal style of competitive competition for qualified veteran boxers. The proposed methods of psychophysiological and biomechanical testing to determine the individual characteristics of boxers are an effective, fairly accessible and convenient tool for revealing the predisposition of boxers to a certain style of fighting.

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Author Biographies

V.Yu. Kozin, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

kozin.v.yu@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2561-8803

Лабораторія кінезіології

Харківський національний педагогічний університет  імені Г.С. Сковороди

вул. Алчевських 29, Харків, 61002, Україна

Завідувач лабораторії кінезіології

Altshevskih str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

O.Ye. Falova, Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogics Academy

alyonafalyova@ukr.net

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5983-0090

Department of Рractical Psychology

Ukrainian Engineering Pedagogics Academy

Doctor of Psychology Sciences, Associate Professor

Universytetska str. 16, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 61003

M. Cretu , University of Pitesti, Romania

cmaryan_mc@yahoo.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1934-0534

Faculty  of  Science,  Physical  Education  and  Informatics; University of Pitesti

Str. Targul din Vale, nr.1, 110040 Pitesti, Arges, Romania

M. Cieślicka, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland

cudaki@op.pl

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-04072592

Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz Bydgoszcz, Kujawsko-pomorskie, Poland

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Published
2021-12-25
How to Cite
Kozin, V., Falova, O., Cretu , M., & Cieślicka, M. (2021). Determination of fighting styles of qualified veteran boxers based on cluster analysis of biomechanical and psychophysiological indicators. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 7(4), 19-34. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2021.07.04.02
Section
Original articles. Sport