Ratio of maximum hamstring torque to maximum quadriceps torque in professional basketball and soccer players

Keywords: knee joint, isokinetic testing, torque, extensor muscles and flexors

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the differences between football players and basketball players in the mean absolute values ​​of maximum torque flexors and extensors, ratio of maximum hamstring torque to maximum quadriceps torque dominant (DOM) non-dominant (ND) leg and differences in bilateral imbalance of flexor muscles and knee extensors.

Material and methods: The research included a sample of 39 professional athletes. The first subsample included 19 professional basketball players while the second subsample included 20 professional soccer players.

Results: Based on the results of the torques of the extensors in the knee joint of the DOM and ND legs, it was established that there is no statistically significant difference between basketball players and football players. However, a statistically significant difference was found in the torque flexors of the knee joint DOM (p≤0.01) and ND (p≤0.00) of the leg between basketball players and football players. On the other hand, the results of the research indicate that the difference between basketball players and football players in the ratio of Hamstrings peak torque to Quadriceps peak torque was recorded only in the ND leg (p≤0.02), while the difference in the DOM leg is not statistically significant. The results of our study indicate that basketball players have a higher percentage of imbalances compared to football players, especially in m. hamstrings.

Conclusion: This study provides normative data on populations specific to soccer and basketball, but does not provide evidence of the ability of the isokinetic assessment of lower extremity muscle strength to predict injuries to football players and basketball players.

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Author Biographies

A. Kukrić, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

aleksandar.kukric@ffvs.unibl.org

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8626-758X

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

University City, 1A Vojvode Petra Bojovića Blvd. Banja Luka, 78 000

M. Joksimović , Institute of Sports and Sports Medicine, Podgorica, Montenegro

nicifor007@outlook.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4232-5033

Університет в Чорногорії, Інститут спорту та спортивної медицини, Подгориця, Чорногорія

Історичний інститут Бульвар Революції. 5, 81000 Подгориця, Чорногорія

B. Petrović , Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

borko.petrovic@ffvs.unibl.org

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5242-2502

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

University City, 1A Vojvode Petra Bojovića Blvd. Banja Luka, 78 000

F. Latino, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy

francesca.latino@uniba.it

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0302-6145

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy

Nordre Ringgade 1, 8000 Aarhus C, Italy

R. Pavlović , Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

ratko.pavlovic@ffvis.ues.rs.ba

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4007-4595

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of University of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

30 Vuk Karadžić Street, Republika Srpska, 71123,

R. Kuvalja, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

nicifor007@outlook.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7337-2487

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Banja Luka, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

University City, 1A Vojvode Petra Bojovića Blvd. Banja Luka, 78 000

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Published
2021-12-25
How to Cite
Kukrić, A., Joksimović , M., Petrović , B., Latino, F., Pavlović , R., & Kuvalja, R. (2021). Ratio of maximum hamstring torque to maximum quadriceps torque in professional basketball and soccer players. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 7(4), 8-18. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2021.07.04.01
Section
Original articles. Sport