Key psychological factors in long distance running

Keywords: sport, long-distance running, running events, marathons, ultra marathons, psychological factors, mental determinants.


Purpose of the article is to identify the most important psychological factors influencing success among long-distance runners.

Material and methods. The application of an electronic diagnostic survey (interview) was used as the research method in the study. The normalized questionnaire was applied as a research technique in the paper.

Results.The analysis of the results was divided into parts, the first two of which concern the characteristics and environment of the respondents, and the remaining ones refer to the research problems formulated in the methodology section. The most numerous group of women have physical and mental trainings (32%) and the majority of men trains neither physically nor mentally (28%).

Conclusions. There are many key factors in long-distance running. However, the most important ones seem to be stubbornness, motivation, self-confidence, optimism as well as support from family and peers. Runners are considered to be people who are often physically and mentally resistant. They are often able to sacrifice a lot to achieve their goals. The path taken by long-distance runners is often incomprehensible to their surroundings that is family, peers or employers.


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Author Biographies

D. Chojnicki, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Managment, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland

Lwowska str., 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

O. Smoleńska, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Managment, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland

Lwowska str., 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

R. Muszkieta, Department of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Managment, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland

Lwowska str., 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland


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How to Cite
Chojnicki, D., Smoleńska, O., & Muszkieta, R. (2021). Key psychological factors in long distance running. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 7(3), 31-42.
Original articles. Sport