Correction of carbohydrate metabolism by means of physical therapy of patients with metabolic syndrome

Keywords: glycemia, metabolic syndrome, efficiency, women, physical therapy program

Abstract

Purpose: to investigate the characteristics of carbohydrate metabolism indicators in patients with metabolic syndrome before the beginning of rehabilitation effects as well as to trace the dynamics of indicators in the process of application of our physical therapy comprehensive program.

Material and methods. The survey involved 70 women with metabolic syndrome, who were divided into the main (MG) (35 women) and control (CG) (35 women) groups with the average age in the MG 31.49±0.71-year-olds, in the CG – 31,06±0,57 -year-old. In the main group, a physical therapy program was applied for patients with metabolic syndrome, which includes a hypo caloric diet with a hypolipidemic focus; therapeutic massage according to the method of P.B. Efimenko for patients alimentary-constitutional obesity; medical gymnastics using elements of sports-oriented aerobics and special physical exercises based on Pilates gymnastics using fitballs and expanders; morning hygienic gymnastics; limited walking in combination with breathing exercises, taking into account the activity of the autonomic nervous system.

Result. As a result of a comprehensive and developed physical therapy program that was justified and applied for 4 months for patients with metabolic syndrome, the studied carbohydrate metabolism parameters changed significantly. Main group women showed significantly improved indicators of glycemia on empty stomach: from 8,85±1,54 to 5,98±0,81mmol / l, glycemia after eating: from 11,47±1,85 to 7,68±0,86mmol / l and reached the target levels of diabetes compensation and diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome.

Conclusions: physical exercises contribute to the improvement and normalization of carbohydrate metabolism. They restore adaptation to physical exertion and normalize the function of the cardiovascular system, motor activity and psychoemotional state as well.

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Author Biographies

Y.S. Kalmykova, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

yamamaha13@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6227-8046

Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkiv, 61058, Ukraine

H.V. Bismak, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

ebismak@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6495-6170

National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport

Fizkul’tury str. 1, Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine

V.B. Perebeynos, Judo shool Aadvan Polanen, Leiden University

vladimirjudoka@hotmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0320-0898

Judo shool Aadvan Polanen, Leiden University

Rapenburg70, 2311EZ Leiden, The Netherlands

S.A. Kalmykov, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

srgkalmykov@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6837-2826

Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture

Klochkovskaya str. 99, Kharkiv, 61058, Ukraine

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Published
2021-09-17
How to Cite
Kalmykova, Y., Bismak, H., Perebeynos, V., & Kalmykov, S. (2021). Correction of carbohydrate metabolism by means of physical therapy of patients with metabolic syndrome. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 7(3), 54-66. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2021.07.03.04
Section
Original articles. Physical therapy