Level of speed abilities of young football players in various training periods

Keywords: training load, individualization, speed, football


Purpose: At the highest level of the competition, the players tend to have a comprehensive motor, technical-tactical and mental preparation. It is assumed that in the training process of young players, speed is an important factor determining sports success. Therefore, the aim of the study was to try to compare the speed abilities indicator of young footballers during the summer and winter preparatory period.

Material and methods: The research was conducted in July 2019 and January 2020 in Poznań. The research subject consisted of 23 young players of the Warta Poznań club in the age category of the junior football players (U14).

Results: The results were statistically processed, basic descriptive characteristics were made, the normality of the distribution of differences was checked using the Shapiro-Wilk test, and the collected results from two tests dates were compared using the Student's t-test for dependent samples. Based on the the conducted research, no significant change in the starting speed level was observed at the distance of 5 meters and 15 meters, while an improvement in the level of speed abilities in terms of locomotion at the distance of 30 meters was noted.

Conclusions. The level of running speed at a distance of 30 meters in the tested competitors changed in the six-month preparation cycle. There was no change in the starting speed level over the distance of 5 and 15 meters in the competition season between the preparatory period and the end of the autumn round in the competitors of the Poznań Warta club. On the basis of the conducted research, it is worth conducting experimental research based on individualized speed training on a group of 13 - 14 year old players.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

P. Kalinowski, Poznan University of Physical Education, Poland

kalinowski@awf.poznan.pl, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland

D. Jerszyński, Poznan University of Physical Education, Poland

jerszynski@awf.poznan.pl, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland


M. Nowakowska, Poznan University of Physical Education, Poland

jerszynski@awf.poznan.pl, Poznan University of Physical Education, Królowej Jadwigi 27/39, 61-871 Poznan, Poland


Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Franks A. Anthropometric and physiological predisposition for elite soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2000; 18: 669-683.

Kalinowski P, Bojkowski Ł, Śliwowski R. Motor and psychological predispositions for playing football. Trends in Sport Sciences. 2019; 2 (26): 51-54.

Christou M, Smilios I, Sotiropoulos K, Volaklis K, Pilianidis T, Tokmakidis SP. Effects of resistance training on the physical capacities of adolescent soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2006; 20 (4): 783–791.

Carling C, Bloomfield J, Nelsen L and Reilly T. The role of motion analysis in elite soccer: Contemporary performance measurement techniques and work rate data. Sports Medicine. 2008; 38: 839–862.

Reilly T. Science and football V. London: Routledge. 2007.

Andrzejewski M, Chmura J, Pluta B and Kasprzak A. Analysis of Motor Activities of Professional

Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2012; 26: 1481-1488.

Mascio M, Bradley PS. Evaluation of the most intense high-intensity running period in English FA premier league soccer matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013; 27: 909-915.

Carling C and Dupont G. Are declines in physical performance associated with a reduction in skill-related performance during professional soccer match-play? Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 29: 63–71.

Carling C. Influence of opposition team formation on physical and skill-related performance in a professional soccer team. European Journal of Sport Science. 2011; 11: 155-164.

Gregson W, Drust B, Atkinson G and Di Salvo V. Match-to-match variability of high-speed activities in Premier League soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2010; 31: 237–242.

Bradley P S, Carling C, Diaz A, Hood P, Barnes C, Ade J et al. Match performance and physical capacity of players in the top three competitive standards of English professional soccer. Human Movement Science. 2013; 32: 808-821.

Andrzejewski M, Konefał M, Chmura P, Kowalczuk E, Chmura J. Match outcome and distances covered at various speeds in match play by elite German soccer players. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport. 2016; 16: 818-829.

Di Salvo V, Baron R, Cardinale M. Time motion analysis of elite footballers in European cup competitions. J Sports Sci Med. 2007; 6(6 Suppl.): 10-14

Bompa T, Zając T, Waśkiewicz Z, Chmura J. Przygotowanie sprawnościowe w zespołowych grach sportowych (Fitness preparation in team sports games). Warszawa, 2013 (in Polish).

Kalinowski P, Sysiak W, Jerszyński D, Gronek P. Resistance training in football. Trends in Sport Science. 2020; 27(1): 25-28.

Osiński W. Antropomotryka [Anthropomotorics]. AWF Poznań. 2018 (In Polish)

Andrzejewski M, Chmura J, Strzelczyk R, Konarski J. Individualization of Physical Loads and Speed Abilities of Young Soccer Players in a Six-Month Training Macrocycle. Journal of Human Kinetics. 2009; 22(1): 35-42.

Szymanek-Pilarczyk M, Szlubowska M. Wykorzystanie testu FMS w diagnostyce aparatu ruchu po zastosowaniu treningu funkcjonalnego u zawodników piłki nożnej (The use of the FMS test in the diagnosis of the locomotor apparatus after functional training for football players). Sport i Turystyka. Środkowoeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe. 2018; 1(1): 69-80 (in Polish).

Haycraft A, Kovalchik S, Pyne D, Robertson S. The relationship between sprint ability, agility and vertical jump performance in young soccer players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2019; 1(14): 771-778.

Köklüa Y, Alemdaroglua U, Özkanb A, Kozc M, Ersöz G. The relationship between sprint ability, agility and vertical jump performance in young soccer players. Sci Sports. 2015; 1-5.

Chaalali A, Rouissi M, Chtara M, Owen A, Bragazzi NL, Moall W, Amri M, Chamari K. Agility training in young elite soccer players: promising results compared to change of direction drills. Biol Sport. 2016; 33(4): 345-351.

Kusy K, Zieliński J. Diagnostyka w sporcie (Diagnostics in sport). Poznań: AWF. 2017; 165-177 (in Polish).

Dragijsky M, Maly T, Bujnovsky D, Zahalka F, Hank M, Mala L. Level and differences of sprint acceleration among soccer players in three different age categories. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 2016; 522-524.

Ekblom B. Applied Physiology of Soccer. Sports Medicine. 1986; 3: 50–60.

Chmura J. Szybkość w piłce nożnej (Speed in soccer). Katowice: AWF. 2001.

Kalinowski P, Jerszyński D, Nowakowska M, Pietranis D. Starting and running speed on the example of football clubs from Berlin. Quality in Sport. 2020; (6)2: 56-63.

Chmura J, Dargiewicz R, Andrzejewski M. The endurance and speed abilities of players during the qualifying game to the Champion League in football. The monograph AWF in Wroclaw. 2004; 5: 77-87

Krogul A. Ocena sprawności fizycznej piłkarzy. KS Vulcan Wólka Mlądzka. (Assessment of physical fitness of „KS Vulcan Wólka Mlądzka” players). Zeszyty Naukowe WSKFiT. 2014; 9:49-54 (In Polish).

Staniak Z, Buśko K, Sitkowski D, Domaradzki D, Nosarzewski J, Karpiłowski B. Zmiany parametrów siłowo-szybkościowych kończyn dolnych u piłkarzy nożnych pod wpływem treningu w okresie przygotowawczym. (Changes in the strength and speed parameters of the lower limbs in footballers under the influence of training in the preparatory period). [In:] Kuder A, Perkowski K, Śledziewski D. (edt.). Kierunki doskonalenia treningu i walki sportowej. Diagnostyka [Diagnostyka], Warszawa. Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego. 2005; 2. (In Polish).

Kalinowski P, Andryszak B. Przygotowanie motoryczne w Bundeslidze na przykładzie zawodników Borussii Dortmund. (Motor preparation in the Bundesliga on the example of Borussia Dortmund players). Asytsent Trenera. 2020; 37 (2): 54-56 (in Polish).

How to Cite
Kalinowski, P., Jerszyński, D., & Nowakowska, M. (2021). Level of speed abilities of young football players in various training periods. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 7(2), 57-64. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2021.07.02.05
Original articles. Sport