Influence of body length on orthostatic test parameters of student-athletes

Keywords: orthostatic test, body length, athletes

Abstract

Aim: to identify the influence of body length on the indicators of vegetative-vascular regulation of student-athletes.

 Material and methods. The study involved 42 second-year students who play sports at the amateur level (qualification level - 2-3 sports degree). The following research methods were used in the work: method of analysis of literary sources; method of determining body length; orthostatic test method; method of determining stroke volume and minute blood volume.

Results. It was found that the increase in systolic blood pressure during the transition from horizontal to vertical position in students whose body length is above 190, significantly higher than in students whose body length does not exceed 175 cm (p <0.01) diastolic blood pressure, then in students whose body length is above 190 cm, this figure is significantly higher (p <0.01) both horizontally and vertically. The stroke volume of tall (more than 190 cm body length) students in the standing position is significantly less than that of students with a body length of 150-175 cm. There is a significant effect of body length on systolic blood pressure in the standing position, diastolic blood pressure in the supine and standing positions, heart rate in the supine and standing positions, stroke volume in the standing position, minute blood volume in the supine position and standing (p <0,001). The effect of body length on the orthostatic test was also significant for the following data: systolic blood pressure in the vertical position, diastolic blood pressure in the vertical position; change in diastolic blood pressure when changing body position from horizontal to vertical; heart rate in vertical and horizontal positions; change in heart rate during the transition from horizontal to vertical position; stroke volume of blood in the vertical position; change in stroke volume of blood during the transition from horizontal to vertical position; all indicators of minute blood volume.

Conclusions. The state of the cardiovascular system of student-athletes is characterized by high fitness. It was found that students with a body length of more than 190 cm have difficulty with vegetative-vascular regulation.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Osadchiy LI. Body position and regulation of blood circulation. Naukka, 1982: 144p .

Kozina ZhL, Slyusarev VF, Volkov EP. The effectiveness of the development of non-traditional forms of autogenous training for the renewal of educational performance. Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems in sports, 2001; 14:8-15.

Kozina ZhL, Slyusarev VF. The influence of the use of medicinal plants and mummy on some indicators of the autonomic nervous and vegetative-vascular systems of highly qualified basketball players, Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems in sports, 2002;11:81-89.

Kozina ZhL, Slyusarev VF, Kryvich IP. The effectiveness of the use of mummy and pollen to improve performance and treatment of the musculoskeletal system of basketball players. Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems of physical education and sports, 2001;15: 3-7.

Kozina ZhL, Slyusarev VF, Tugay D. Influence of non-traditional psychological-pedagogical and medico-biological methods of recovery on the functional state of young basketball players 11-12 years. Theory and practice of physical education, 2002;2: 35-44.

Kozina ZhL, Slyusarev VF. Unconventional methods of improving the efficiency of basketball players. Physical Education, Sports and Health Culture in Modern Society, 2002; 2: 199-201.

Kozina ZhL, Slyusarev VF Influence of a complex system of recovery on the level of special physical fitness and game performance of high-class basketball players. Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems of physical education and sports, 2002;12:42-51.

Kozina ZhL, Vaksler MA, Tikhonova AO, Shchedriva LV. Peculiarities of special physical and functional training of basketball players of different game roles, Pedagogy, psychology and medical and biological problems in sports 2002; 6: 347-350.

Buhr LK, Stack CI, Luetkemeier MJ. The Effects Of Hydration Status On Pulse Rate And Heart Rate Variability During A Stand Test Of Orthostatic Tolerance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2013;45(5):37-.

Hynynen E, Iglesias X, Feriche B, Calderon C, Abalos X, Vazquez J, et al. Heart Rate Variability in Orthostatic Test During Different Training Periods in Elite Swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2012;44:782-.

Kubala P, Smorawinski J, Kaciuba-Uscilko H, Nazar K, Bicz B, Greenleaf JE. Effect of three day bed-rest on circulatory and hormonal responses to active orthostatic test in endurance trained athletes and untrained subjects. Journal of gravitational physiology : a journal of the International Society for Gravitational Physiology. 1996;3(2):40-1.

Rodrigues GD, Goncalves TR, De Souza SC, Da Silva Soares PP. Comparison of Cardiac Vagal Modulation From the Orthostatic Stress Test Between Untrained Individuals and Athletes. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2014;46(5):341-2.

Rodriguez FA, Iglesias X, Feriche B, Calderon C, Abalos X, Vazquez J, et al. Effects of Altitude Training on Heart Rate Variability in Orthostatic Test in Elite Swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2012;44:364-.

Vesterinen V, Nummela A. Nocturnal Heart Rate Variability and Morning Orthostatic Test as Tools to Monitor Training Load. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2018;50(5):118-9.

Pavy-Le Traon A, Sigaudo D, Vasseur P, Maillet A, Fortrat JO, Hughson RL, et al. Cardiovascular responses to orthostatic tests after a 42-day head-down bed-rest. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 1998;77(1-2):50-9.

Lutfullin II, Al'metova RR. Heart rate variability in young hockey players at rest and during active orthostatic test. Fiziologiia cheloveka. 2014;40(2):105-11.

Schafer D, Olstad BH, Wilhelm M. Can Heart Rate Variability Segment Length During Orthostatic Test Be Reduced To 2 Min? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2015;47(5):48-.

Wolthuis RA, Hull DH, Fischer JR, McAfoose DA, Curtis JT. Blood-pressure variability of the individual in orthostatic testing. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine. 1979;50(8):774-7.

Roberson KB, Signorile J, Singer C, Jacobs K, Eltoukhy M, Ruta N, et al. Hemodynamic Responses to an Exercise Stress Test in Parkinson's Disease Patients without Orthostatic Hypotension. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2019;51(6):292-.

Murray RH, Bowers JA, Goltra ER. Comparison of footboard and saddle supports for orthostatic tests on a tilt table. Journal of applied physiology. 1966;21(4):1409-11.

Published
2020-12-20
How to Cite
Borysenko, I., Marian, C., & Kozina, Z. (2020). Influence of body length on orthostatic test parameters of student-athletes. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 6(4), 47-57. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2020.06.04.05
Section
Original articles. Sport