Influence of body length on orthostatic test parameters of student-athletes
Aim: to identify the influence of body length on the indicators of vegetative-vascular regulation of student-athletes.
Material and methods. The study involved 42 second-year students who play sports at the amateur level (qualification level - 2-3 sports degree). The following research methods were used in the work: method of analysis of literary sources; method of determining body length; orthostatic test method; method of determining stroke volume and minute blood volume.
Results. It was found that the increase in systolic blood pressure during the transition from horizontal to vertical position in students whose body length is above 190, significantly higher than in students whose body length does not exceed 175 cm (p <0.01) diastolic blood pressure, then in students whose body length is above 190 cm, this figure is significantly higher (p <0.01) both horizontally and vertically. The stroke volume of tall (more than 190 cm body length) students in the standing position is significantly less than that of students with a body length of 150-175 cm. There is a significant effect of body length on systolic blood pressure in the standing position, diastolic blood pressure in the supine and standing positions, heart rate in the supine and standing positions, stroke volume in the standing position, minute blood volume in the supine position and standing (p <0,001). The effect of body length on the orthostatic test was also significant for the following data: systolic blood pressure in the vertical position, diastolic blood pressure in the vertical position; change in diastolic blood pressure when changing body position from horizontal to vertical; heart rate in vertical and horizontal positions; change in heart rate during the transition from horizontal to vertical position; stroke volume of blood in the vertical position; change in stroke volume of blood during the transition from horizontal to vertical position; all indicators of minute blood volume.
Conclusions. The state of the cardiovascular system of student-athletes is characterized by high fitness. It was found that students with a body length of more than 190 cm have difficulty with vegetative-vascular regulation.
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