Level of physical fitness of elderly people from 60 to 80 years old during a pandemic COVID-19

Keywords: Physical Fitness, Body Mass Index, Elderly

Abstract

Aim: to determine the level of physical fitness and the body mass index of older people aged 60 to 80 years.

Material and methods. This study used a descriptive method with survey and field measurement techniques. The participants in this study were 123 elderly people who collected fitness data using the Rockport test over a distance of 1600 meters, measured their heart rate before and after the test. Body mass index according to Quetelet was determined on the basis of measurements of body length and weight. The metabolic state of the elderly was distributed according to the Quetelet index: from underweight and normal weight to overweight and obesity. The study was conducted at the heart health club in Surakarta.

Results. It is shown that the level of physical fitness of the elderly according to the Rock Port test in 103 people was sufficient: the average travel time was 23.22 minutes; the level of physical fitness of 20 participants was not sufficient: the average travel time was 34.10 minutes. The results of determining the Body Mass Index (BMI): (1) at the age of 60-69 years, 94 people were tested, of which: 7 people were underweight, 30 were normal, 53 were overweight, 4 were obese; (2) 70-74 years: 16 people, including: 3 people in the thin category, 8 people - with normal weight, 2 people with overweight, 1 person - approaching obesity, 2 people - obese, (3) ; at the age of 75-80, 13 people were tested: 1 person in the lean category, 8 people with normal weight, 1 person - overweight, 3 people approaching obesity, 0 - obese people.

Conclusions. The informational content of the Rockport test for determining the level of physical fitness of elderly people aged 60 to 80 years is shown. This test is effective and available for independent use by elderly people to determine the level of their physical fitness, not only for people under 69, but also for older people.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Rohmah AIN, Purwaningsih, Bariyah K. Kualitas hidup lanjut usia. J Keperawatan. 2012;1(2):120–32.

Wahyuningsih W, Astuti E. Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Hipertensi pada Usia Lanjut. J Ners dan Kebidanan Indones. 2016;1(3):71.

Sudiana IK. Peran Kebugaran Jasmani bagi Tubuh. Semin Nas FMIPA UNDIKSHA IV. 2014;4(1):389–98.

Sohrabi C, Alsafi Z, O’Neill N, Khan M, Kerwan A, Al-Jabir A, et al. World Health Organization declares global emergency: A review of the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Int J Surg. 2020;76(1):71–6.

Tian S, Hu N, Lou J, Chen K, Kang X, Xiang Z, et al. Characteristics of COVID-19 infection in Beijing. J Infect. 2020;80(4):401–6.

Ardiyanto A, Purnamasari V, Sukamto S, Setianingsih E. Analisis Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Status Kebugaran Jasmani di Era Pandemi Covid-19 Dosen PGSD. Jendela Olahraga. 2020;5(2):131–40.

Syahruddin S. Kebugaran Jasmani Bagi Lansia Saat Pandemi Covid-19. JUARA J Olahraga. 2020;5(2):232–9.

Lanawati L, Listyowati R, Kuswardhani RAT. Hubungan antara Senam Kesegaran Jasmani dengan Fungsi Kognitif dan Keseimbangan Tubuh Lansia di Denpasar. Public Heal Prev Med Arch. 2015;3(2):168–72.

Suryanto S. Pentingnya Olahraga Bagi Lansia. MEDIKORA. 2015;4(1):23–30.

Nursalam S. Latihan Fisik Untuk Kesegaran Jasmani Lansia. Hilos Tensados. 2019;58(12):7250–7.

Fahlman MM, McNevin N, Boardley D, Morgan A, Topp R. Effects of resistance training on functional ability in elderly individuals. Am J Heal Promot. 2011;25(4):237243.

Pavlov IP. Conditioned reflexes: An investigation of the physiological activity of the cerebral cortex. Ann Neurosci. 2010;17(3):136–42.

Broskey NT, Greggio C, Boss A, Boutant M, Dwyer A, Schlueter L, et al. Skeletal muscle mitochondria in the elderly: Effects of physical fitness and exercise training. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;99(5):1852–61.

Romero SA, Minson CT, Halliwill XR. The cardiovascular system after exercise. J Appl Physiol. 2017;122(4):925–32.

Stults-Kolehmainen MA, Sinha R. The effects of stress on physical activity and exercise. Sport Med. 2014;44(1):81–121.

Dimeo F, Pagonas N, Seibert F, Arndt R, Zidek W, Westhoff TH. Aerobic exercise reduces blood pressure in resistant hypertension. Hypertension. 2012;60(3):653–8.

Gomez-Pinilla F, Hillman C. The influence of exercise on cognitive abilities. Compr Physiol. 2013;3(1):403–28.

Villareal DT, Aguirre L, Gurney AB, Waters DL, Sinacore DR, Colombo E, et al. Aerobic or Resistance Exercise, or Both, in Dieting Obese Older Adults. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(20):1943–55.

Ranadive SM, Cook M, Kappus RM, Yan H, Lane AD, Woods JA, et al. Effect of acute aerobic exercise on vaccine efficacy in older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2014;46(3):455–61.

Yang Z, Scott CA, Mao C, Tang J, Farmer AJ. Resistance exercise versus aerobic exercise for type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 2014. p. 1–13.

Purdom T, Kravitz L, Dokladny K, Mermier C. Understanding the factors that effect maximal fat oxidation. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 2018. p. 15–30.

Shaw G. The Exercise Effect. Neurol Now. 2015;11(4):12–8.

Garatachea N, Lucia A. Genes, physical fitness and ageing. Ageing Research Reviews. 2013. p. 1–13.

Milanović Z, Pantelić S, Trajković N, Sporiš G, Kostić R, James N. Age-related decrease in physical activity and functional fitness among elderly men and women. Clin Interv Aging. 2013;8(1):549–56.

Kuniano D. Menjaga Kesehatan di Usia Lanjut. J Olahraga Prestasi. 2015;11(2):115–22.

Bohlen A, Boll M, Schwarzer M, Groneberg DA. Body-Mass-Index. Diabetologe. 2015;18(4):737–57.

Markowitz JS. Body mass index (BMI). In: SpringerBriefs in Public Health. 2018. p. 39–49.

Guigoz Y, Lauque S, Vellas BJ. Identifying the elderly at risk for malnutrition the mini nutritional assessment. Clinics in Geriatric Medicine. 2002.

Oktriani S, Kusmaedi N, Daniel Ray HR, Setiawan A. Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin, Usia, dan Body Mass Index (BMI) Hubungannya dengan Kebugaran Jasmani Lanjut Usia. J Terap Ilmu Keolahragaan. 2020;5(1):28–40.

Van der Zanden LDT, van Kleef E, de Wijk RA, van Trijp HCM. Knowledge, perceptions and preferences of elderly regarding protein-enriched functional food. Appetite. 2014;80(2):16–22.

Gille D, Bütikofer U, Chollet M, Schmid A, Altintzoglou T, Honkanen P, et al. Nutrition behavior of the middle-aged and elderly: Compliance with dietary recommendations of the food pyramid. Clin Nutr. 2016;35(3):638–44.

Published
2020-12-14
How to Cite
Liskustyawati, H., Riyadi, S., Sabarini, S. S., Waluyo, W., & Purnomo Shidiq, A. A. (2020). Level of physical fitness of elderly people from 60 to 80 years old during a pandemic COVID-19. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 6(4), 27-38. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2020.06.04.03
Section
Original articles. Physical education