Sports activities and professional specialty influence on psychophysiological functions and orthostatic reactions indicators of pedagogical universities students

Keywords: sports, students, psychophysiological indicators, orthotest, heart rate, faculty

Abstract

Purpose: to identify the influence of the professional orientation of education and lifestyle (sports) on the indicators of psychophysiological functions and orthostatic reactions of students of various faculties of pedagogical universities.

Material and methods. 812 students of pedagogical institutions of higher education of Ukraine took part in the study: 88 students of the faculty of elementary education, 76 students of history, 130 of natural sciences, 131 of foreign philology, 93 of the faculty of preschool education, 198 of Ukrainian language, 25 of the faculty of physical education and sports, 24 students from the Faculty of Arts, 47 students from the Faculty of Psychology and Sociology. Psychophysiological testing was carried out according to the Psychodiagnostics program and involved determining the speed of a simple visual-motor reaction, determining the speed of a choice of two elements out of three. During psychophysiological testing, the reaction time and the number of errors were determined for each test.

The results. Students of the faculties of elementary education, preschool education, and the faculty of natural sciences have a significantly shorter reaction time in the test for a simple visual-motor reaction (p<0.05), and, accordingly, the best indicators of the mobility of nervous processes in comparison with students of other faculties of pedagogical universities. These faculties have the largest number of errors in the test for the choice of two elements out of three (p<0.05), and, accordingly, the lowest strength of nervous processes.

Conclusions. Sports have a positive effect on the indicators of the strength of nervous processes according to the results of the number of errors in the reaction test for choosing two items out of three (p<0.05). Also, playing sports has a positive effect on the quality of vegetative regulation of vascular tone, which is reflected in lower values ​​of the heart rate during the transition from a horizontal position of the body to a vertical one in students who play sports (p<0.05).

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Author Biographies

Monika Bejtka, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland

monika.bejtka@cm.umk.pl

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2240-4896

Department of Human Physiology, LudwikRydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz,

Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun

Karlowicza 24, 85-092 Bydgoszcz, Poland

Zhanneta Kozina, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

zhaneeta.kozina@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5588-4825

Department of Olympic and professional sports, sports games and tourism, Laboratory of biophysics, biomechanics and kinesiology, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Altshevskih str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

Yurii Boychuk, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

rector@hnpu.edu.ua

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4891-769X

H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Altshevskih str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

Iryna Garmash, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

garmash.irina1@gmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0838-2843

Department of Olympic and professional sports, sports games and tourism, Laboratory of biophysics, biomechanics and kinesiology, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Altshevskih str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

Ganna Tamozhanska, National university of pharmacy, Kharkiv, Ukraine

kulichka79@ukr.net

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2430-8467

Department of Physical therapy and health, National university of pharmacy

Pushkinskaya str., 53, 61002, Kharkiv, Ukraine

Viktoriia Kovieria, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

viktoriya.kovieria@hnpu.edu.ua

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2439-4468

Department of Olympic and professional sports, sports games and tourism, Laboratory of biophysics, biomechanics and kinesiology, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Altshevskih str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

Valentyna Lysenko, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

lysenkov2171@gmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9765-1808

Department of Olympic and professional sports, sports games and tourism, H.S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University

Altshevskih str. 29, Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine

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Published
2022-07-22
How to Cite
Bejtka, M., Kozina, Z., Boychuk, Y., Garmash, I., Tamozhanska, G., Kovieria, V., & Lysenko, V. (2022). Sports activities and professional specialty influence on psychophysiological functions and orthostatic reactions indicators of pedagogical universities students. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 8(3), 8-26. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2022.08.03.01
Section
Original articles. Physical education