Peculiarities of the competitive activity of taekwondo players aged 12-13 years before and after the changes in the rules

Keywords: technical and tactical preparedness, taekwondo cadets, combat style, competitive activity, stage of specialized basic training

Abstract

 

Purpose: improving the technical and tactical readiness of qualified taekwondo wrestlers at the stage of specialized basic training to improve the effectiveness of competitive activity.

Material and methods. The study involved 30 athletes aged 12-13 years. Athletes are engaged in WTF taekwondo in the Dnepropetrovsk region. The research was carried out on the basis of the Communal out-of-school educational institution "City Specialized Children's and Youth Sports School of the Olympic Reserve" of the Dnipro City Council (Taekwondo Department of the WTF) and the sports club "Bars" (Dnipro). Created control and experimental groups in the amount of 15 young men in each group. Anthropometric methods, the index method were used; pedagogical methods for studying the physical and technical-tactical readiness of taekwondo fighters aged 12-13, analysis of video recordings of competitive fights of qualified taekwondo fighters in weight categories up to 33 kg, up to 37 kg, up to 41 kg, up to 45 kg, up to 49 kg, up to 53 kg, up to 57 kg ; methods of mathematical statistics.

Results. After conducting a pedagogical experiment based on the results of general physical training among athletes in the experimental group, the increase in performance indicators was from 8.97% to 54.91%; in athletes of the control group - from 1.90% to 31.03%. Also, the taekwondo players of the experimental group significantly outweighed the athletes from the control group for all indicators of special physical fitness, the increase in indicators was from 10.79% to 32.30%; in the control group - from 1.25% to 17.62%. The analysis of performance indicators showed that the athletes of the experimental group significantly reduced all indicators (p < 0.01), in addition to the number of effective performance programs. Indicators of technical and tactical readiness among athletes in the control group grew from 2.38% to 19.85%; in taekwondo players of the experimental group, the increase in indicators of claves was from 13.22% to 56.53%.

Conclusion. Analysis of the scientific and methodological literature on the problem of training taekwondoists at the stage of specialized basic training revealed a number of problematic issues. This concerns the features of improving the process of technical and tactical training of taekwondo cadets. The structure of the annual training of taekwondoists at the stage of specialized basic training has been developed and experimentally substantiated, which is built taking into account the individual style of conducting a competitive taekwondo duel, the manifestation of physical qualities and the calendar of competitions. An improvement in the level of physical fitness of taekwondo wrestlers, a better performance of complex technical and tactical actions and a higher efficiency of indicators of the competitive activity of athletes have been established. It has been determined that the most dominant and effective fighting styles are game and tempo, which is associated with the specifics of the WTF taekwondo and the rules of the competition.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Sergiy Strelchuk, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports, Dnipro, in Ukraine

alpha5@i.ua

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9360-0050

Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports,

Naberejna Peremogy St. 10, Dnipro, 41000, in Ukraine

Olena Lukina, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports, Dnipro, Ukraine

alpha5@i.ua

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3085-7975

Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports,

Naberejna Peremogy St. 10, Dnipro, 41000, in Ukraine

Viktor Savchenko, Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports, Dnipro, Ukraine

alpha5@i.ua

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3839-6595

Prydniprovsk State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports,

Naberejna Peremogy St. 10, Dnipro, 41000, in Ukraine

Wojciech J. Cynarski, Institute of Physical Culture Studies, College of Medical Sciences University of Rzeszow, Poland

ela_cyn@wp.pl

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1252-5456

Institute of Physical Culture Studies, College of Medical Sciences

University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow (Poland), IPA, Cicha 2a / 04, Rzeszow, Poland

 

Mario Baić, University of Zagreb, Croatia

mario.baic@kif.unizg.hr

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0581-0590

Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia

Ioannis Barbas, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotiní, Greece

imparmpa@phyed.duth.gr

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7092-3255

Democritus University of Thrace, Komotiní, Greece

Georgiy Korobeynikov, National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, in Ukraine

k.george.65.w@gmail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1097-4787                                

National University of Ukraine on Physical Education and Sport, Kyiv, in Ukraine

References

Platonov VN. Motor qualities and physical training of athletes. Kyiv: Olympic literature; 2017. (in Russian)

Вороний В.О. Удосконалення спеціальної фізичної підготовленості борців греко-римського стилю 16-17 років на етапі спеціалізованої базової підготовки: дис. на здобуття наукового ступеня доктора філософії: спец. 017 «Фізична культура і спорт». Дніпро, 2020. 265 с.

Kozin VYu, Boychuk YuD, Skaliy AV, Zelenskiy RM, Honcharenko VI, Cieślicka M, Bejtka M. Individual factorial structure of biomechanical and psychophysiological indicators as a basis for determining the fighting style of qualified veteran boxers. Zdorov’â, sport, reabìlìtacìâ [Health, Sport, Rehabilitation]. 2021; 7(3): 8-30. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2021.07.03.01

Finlay MJ, Page RM, Greig M, Bridge CA. The prevalence of pre-conditioning and recovery strategies in senior elite and non-elite amateur boxing. Physician and Sportsmedicine. 2021.

Latyshev M, Latyshev S, Kaupužs A, Kvasnytsya O, Tropin Y, Kvasnytsya I, Prystynskyi V. Cadets and Juniors Success: how Important is it for Sports Careers in Free-Style Wrestling? SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. 2020; Vol.VI, May 22th -23th: 282-291. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2020vol6.5113.

Lukina O, Strelchuk S, Gandziarski K, Puszczalowska- Lizis E. Analysis of the competitive activity of taekwondo cadets before and after the rules changes (WTF version). Sports herald of Prydniprovyia. 2019; № 3: 19-29. https://DOI: 10.32540/2071-1476-2019-3-019 (in Ukrainian)

Savchenko V, Lukina O, Kovalenko N, Mikitchik O. Analysis of competitive activity of young male athletes in taekwondo WTF. Sports herald of Prydniprovyia. 2017; № 2: 132-134. http://infiz.dp.ua/misc-documents/2017-02/2017-02-25.pdf

Epov OG. Analysis of technical actions of WTF taekwondo wrestlers' competitive fights. Scientific notes of the University. P.F. Lesgaft. 2014; № 1 (107): 196-199. (in Russian)

Craig AB, Michelle AJ, Barry D. The activity profile in International Taekwondo competition is modulated by weight category. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance “Human Kinetics”. 2011; 6: 344-357.

Ли Ч.К. Технико-тактические характеристики соревновательного спарринга в тхэквондо версии ВТФ: автореф. дис. … канд. пед. наук: 13.00.04. М, 2003. 24 с.

Андрійцев В.О. Удосконалення техніко-тактичних дій борців вільного стилю на етапі спеціалізованої базової підготовки: автореф. дис. на соискание учен. степени канд. физ. воспитания и спорта: спец. 24.00.01. «Олімпійський і професійний спорт». Київ., 2016. 22 с.

Lukina O, Voroniy V. Features of the competitive activity of Greco-Roman wrestlers. Sports herald of Prydniprovyia. 2019; № 2: 21-29. http://infiz.dp.ua/misc-documents/2019-02/2019-02-03.pdf (in Ukrainian)

Latyshev, M., Latyshev, S., Korobeynikov, G. Kvasnytsya, O., Shandrygos, V., & Dutchak, Y. The analysis of the results of the Olympic free-style wrestling champions. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 2020, 15 (2), 400 – 410. doi:https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2020.152.14

Korobeynikov G, Aksutin V, Smoliar I. Connection of boxers’ combat styles with psycho-physiological characteristics. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports. 2015; 19(9): 33-37. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0905

Safronov DV, Kozin VYu, Kozina ZhL, Basenko AV, RiabenkovI O, Khrapov SB. Determining the style of conducting a fight of qualified boxers based on neurodynamic indicators using multivariate analysis methods. Health, sport, rehabilitation. 2019; 5(2): 78-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2019.05.02.09

Лукіна О.В., Вороний В.О. Спеціальна фізична підготовка кваліфікованих борців греко-римського стилю на етапі спеціалізованої базової підготовки. Sports herald of Prydniprovyia. 2020; № 1: 5-16. http://infiz.dp.ua/misc-documents/2020-01/2020-01-01.pdf DOI: 10.32540/2071-1476-2019-1-002

Лукіна О.В., Стрельчук С.Г., Новіков В.П., Кусовская О.С., Baic M. Expert evaluation of the technical preparedness of qualified Taekwondists at the stage of specialized basic training. Sports herald of Prydniprovyia. 2020; № 1: 56-67. http://infiz.dp.ua/misc-documents/2020-01/2020-01-06.pdf DOI: 10.32540/2071-1476-2019-1-056

Chen MA, Spanton K, van Schaik P, Spears I, Eaves D. The Effects of Biofeedback on Performance and Technique of the Boxing Jab. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2021; 128(4): 1607-22.

Kotarska K, Nowak L, Szark-Eckardt M, Nowak MA. Motivational effect of objectives in practicing karate, boxing, football and wheelchair basketball. Archives of Budo. 2020;16: 27-41.

Ozkan Light, Khalil Ibrahim Cicioglu, Mehmet Gul, Berkan Alpay. Development of the wrestling competition analysis form according to the latest competition rules. International Journal of Wrestling Science. 2017; 7 (1-2): 41-45. https://doi.org/10.1080/21615667.2017.1422815

Kazemi M, Casella C, Perri G. 2004 Olympic Tae Kwon Do athlete profile. J Can CWropr/I.sior. 2009:53: 144-152.

Finlay MJ, Greig M, Page RM. Quantifying the physical response to a contemporary amateur boxing simulation. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018; 32(4): 1005-12.

Mirzaei B., Akbar N. (2008). Skill Profile of Elite Iranian Greco-Roman Wrestlers. World Journal of Sport Sciences, 1, 8-11.

Palii O. Analysis of the competitive activity of taekwondo athletes 12-14 years old, Slobozhanskyi herald of science and sport. 2021; Vol. 9, No. 3: 84-94. http://journals.uran.ua/sport_herald/article/view/237950 (in English)

Taymazov VA, Bakylev SE, Simakov AM, Pavlenko AV, Chistyakov VA. Analysis of the main changes in the rules of competitions in taekwondo, versions (ITF) and (WTF). Scientific notes of the University named after P.F. Lesgaft. 2017; № 5 (147): 156-161. (in Russian)

Латишев С.В. Науково-методичні основи індивідуалізації підготовки борців: автореф. дис. на здобуття наук. ступеня докт. наук з фіз. виховання і спорту: спец. 24.00.01 – «Олімпійський і професійний спорт». Київ, 2014. 39 с.

Вільна боротьба: чоловіки, жінки. Навчальна програма для дитячо-юнацьких спортивних шкіл, спеціалізованих дитячо-юнацьких шкіл олімпійського резерву, шкіл вищої спортивної майстерності та спеціалізованих навчальних закладів спортивного профілю. Київ: АСБУ, 2012. 96 с.

Тхеквондо (ВТФ): Навчальна програма для дитячо-юнацьких спортивних шкіл, спеціалізованих дитячо-юнацьких шкіл олімпійського резерву, шкіл вищої спортивної майстерності та спеціалізованих навчальних закладів спортивного профілю. К., 2009. 87 с.

Adashevsky VM, Ermakov SS, Grizyk SA. The main kinematic characteristics of impact actions in taekwondo. Physical education of students. 2010; № 4: 3-5. (in Russian)

Son B, Cho YJ, Jeong HS, Lee SY. Injuries in Korean Elite Taekwondo Athletes: A Prospective Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17 (14): 5143. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145143

Gorbachova AU. Organizational and pedagogical conditions for the preparation of regional combined teams in taekwondo WTF. Dissertation for the degree of candidate of pedagogical sciences. 13.00.04 Theory and methods of physical. education, sports training, health-improving and adaptive physical culture. Moscow, 2019; 157. (in Russian)

Latyshev S, Latyshev M, Mavropulo O, Maksimenko I, Tkachenko Y, Zavodnyy N. Analysis of Competitive Activity High Ranked Fighters of Mixed Martial Arts. SOCIETY. INTEGRATION. EDUCATION. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. 2020; Vol.VI, May 22th -23th: 292-302. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17770/sie2020vol6.5055

Published
2022-07-22
How to Cite
Strelchuk, S., Lukina, O., Savchenko, V., Cynarski, W. J., Baić, M., Barbas, I., & Korobeynikov, G. (2022). Peculiarities of the competitive activity of taekwondo players aged 12-13 years before and after the changes in the rules. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 8(3), 75-88. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2022.08.03.06
Section
Original articles. Sport