The determination of distal hip circumference in universities students depending on the sport type
Purpose: to find out the features of hip girth (distal) of both limbs of young boys and young girls of Bukovynian higher educational institutions, depending on the sport type.
Materials and methods: 115 students of Bukovynian higher education institutions aged from 16 to 21 years old participated in the study, 78 (67.82%) of them were young boys and 37 (32.18%) were young girls. The main group was 75 (65.22 %) students of the I-II courses of the Faculty of Physical Culture and Human Health (the Yuriy Fedkovich Chernivtsi National University), the control group - 40 (34.78%) college students and students of the Stomatological Faculty of the Bukovynian State Medical University, who underwent an anthropometric study, according to the method of V.V. Bunaka in the modification of P.P. Shaparenko (determination of body weight and hip girth distally).
Results: a comparison of the length of the distal right and left hip girth of young boys and young girls of both groups shows that the length of the right hip girth of young boys and young girls is bigger than the left: the main group (right in young boys - 48.50±2.0 cm, left - 42.25 ±2.0 cm; right in young girls – 48.59±2.0 cm; left – 41.74±2.0 cm), control group (right in young boys – 49.19±2.0 cm, left – 44 ,42±2.0 cm; young girls' right - 46.57±2.0 cm; left - 41.52±2.0 cm). The conducted regression analysis shows that gender and weight are significant factors for hip girth distally on the right and left.
Conclusions: the model for predicting the circumference of the distal right thigh has the equation: y = β1+β2 +0.318*x, where y is the distal right thigh circumference, x is weight. Coefficient β1 = 29.848 for young girls and β2 = 25.95 for young boys. The coefficient of determination is 0.994. On the left, it has the equation: y = β1+β2 +0.292*x, where y is the hip girth on the distal left, x is weight. Coefficient β1 = 29.848 for women and β2 = 21.901 for men. The coefficient of determination is 0.991.
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