Anthropometric parameters of elite male runners sprint: are body height and body weight predictors of results

Keywords: body height, body weight, influence, elite sprinters, short distances

Abstract

Purpose. Athletic sprint runs are cyclical movements of maximum intensity. Speed, reaction time, agility and explosiveness are of special importance in sprinters. The main goal of the research is to determine the influence of Body height (BH) and Body weight (BW) with the best achieved results of  in sprint disciplines (60m,100m,200m).

Material and methods. In study included 40 competitors, top male sprinters (BH=180,45±6,88cm; BW=78,83±7,69kg). Their achieved best results in sprint disciplines were analyzed (60m, 100m, 200m). Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between body height and body weight and the results of sprint disciplines. Also a univariate model of regression analysis was applied and the relevant coefficients were calculated. The level of acceptance of statistical significance was set to p<0.05.

Results. The simple regression analysis did not show a statistically significant influence of body height and body weight on the result of sprint running. Low correlations (BH vs. 100m = -0.306), (BW vs. 100m = -0.226) and (BH vs. 200m = -0.221) and insignificant correlations with an inverse relationship between results and anthropometric measures are mainly evident.

Conclusion. Body height and body weight did not have a statistically significant effect on the results of the 60m sprint, while their influence is evident in the 100m, and especially in the 200m (but without statistical significance). This influence on the result of running 100 and 200m is a consequence of the exceptional motor-functional abilities of the sprinter to show greater force in the last phase of the rebound. Otherwise in the sprint, the rear rebound phase is much more important than the front rebound phase. A long step with the body weight (muscle) of the sprinter produces a higher rebound force, which with a big frequency of steps and good tecnique guarantees a good result.

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Author Biographies

Ratko Pavlovic, University of East Sarajevo, Republic Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina

ratko.pavlovic@ffvis.ues.rs.ba

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4007-4595

Faculty of Physical Education and Sport of University of East Sarajevo

30 Vuk Karadžić Street, Republic Srpska, 71123, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Ilona Mihajlović, University of Novi Sad, Serbia

ilonamihajlovic@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5877-2594

Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad,

Lovćenska 16, 21101 Novi Sad, Serbia

Nikola Radulović , University of Novi Sad, Serbia

nikolaradulovicfsfv@gmail.com

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5214-3762

Faculty of Sport and Physical Education,University of Novi Sad,

Lovćenska 16, 21101 Novi Sad, Serbia

Siniša Nikolić, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation "Dr Miroslav Zotović", Slatinska bb, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

sinisamnikolicbl@mail.com

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2294-024X

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

"Dr Miroslav Zotović",

Slatinska bb, 78000 Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Published
2022-07-22
How to Cite
Pavlovic, R., Mihajlović, I., Radulović , N., & Nikolić, S. (2022). Anthropometric parameters of elite male runners sprint: are body height and body weight predictors of results. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 8(3), 64-74. https://doi.org/10.34142/HSR.2022.08.03.05
Section
Original articles. Sport