Fitness-technology for 30-35 year old women
The purpose of the study is – to develop fitness-technology for 30-35 year old women to increase physical fitness and body sculpt improvement.
Material and methods. The study was performed from at the premises of lyceum "Perspektyva", Zaporizhzhia. It was attended by 83 women aged 30-35, who were divided into experimental and control groups. All women were classified in the main medical group. The fitness-technology is combination of theoretical and practical blocks. The fitness-technology was developed for 8 months and consisted of 3 stages: preparatory (duration – 8 weeks, intensity – 40-50% maximal oxygen consumption (MOC), main (duration – 16 weeks, intensity in the range from 50% to 75% MOC) and adaptation (duration 8 weeks, intensity – 75-85% MOC). At the beginning and at the end of the research, all women followed the control tests, which allowed to determine the level of physical fitness and to determine the indicators of their body structure.
Results. The highest increase in indicators was in the tests: "Floor dip" control group (CG) increased by 14,29% and experimental group (EG) increased by 24,57%; "Static strength endurance of the shoulder strength" CG increased by 8,00% and EG increased by 21,00%; "Static strength endurance of the back muscles" CG increased by 10,53% and EG increased by 20,05%. "Angled position" CG increased by 25,00% and in the EG increased by 38,33%; "Middle split" CG increased by 18,52% and EG increased by 29,85%. After the introduction of fitness-technology, the indicators "Body Mass Index" decreased in both groups and were able to return to "normal": 24,73 - control group and 22,05 - experimental group. The indicators of the experimental group were better due to the using a block system, which allowed to adjust the fitness technology for each woman on every of the three stages in the fitness-technology.
Conclusion. The highest absolute increment of physical fitness indicators in experimental and control groups was found in such motor abilities as flexibility (р<0,01) and strength (р<0,01, р<0,05). The obtained percentage increase in anthropometric measures shows, that for the selected age group we have developed the right fitness-technology for the body sculpt.
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